New journal article | Let Them Roar: Small States as Cyber Norm Entrepreneurs

New journal article | Let Them Roar: Small States as Cyber Norm Entrepreneurs

Journal article / 16 May 2019

Liisi Adamson and Zine Homburger published an article in the journal European Foreign Affairs Review on small states as cyber norm entrepreneurs with two case studies on the Netherlands and Estonia.

Lucas Kello is Associate Professor of International Relations, serves as Director of the Centre for Technology and Global Affairs, and is also co-Director of the interdisciplinary Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security at the Department of Computer Science at University of Oxford.

Duncan Hollis is the Laura H. Carnell Professor of Law at Temple Law School, Temple University. He is an elected member of the American Law Institute.

Bibi van den Berg is Professor of Cybersecurity Governance within the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs.

The article is available online here. Please find an abstract below:

ABSTRACT: A discourse on international cyber norms has emerged ever since the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (UN GGE) recommended eleven norms on responsible state behaviour in cyberspace. In the face of political contestation regarding the regulation of cyberspace, norms are often seen as an easier avenue for achieving consensus on responsible state behaviour than international law. As a result, the academic and policy-making focus has shifted to the creation of new norms. This article aims to explore the process and potential of small states to become norm entrepreneurs in cyberspace. It focuses on norm entrepreneurship concerning responsible state behaviour in cyberspace. Hence, the focal point of the article is norms by states for states. The article conceptualizes norm entrepreneurship and elaborates through case studies how and why the Netherlands and Estonia have become cyber norm entrepreneurs. It also details how this normative entrepreneurship manifests itself in the current cyber norms discourse.