The Hague Program for Cyber Norms contributes to the international debate on cyber norms through the development of novel academic insights and perspectives on the theme.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Els De Busser and Patryk Pawlak discuss attribution of in cyberspace from three different perspectives: criminal law, international law and policy. Published together with EU Cyber Direct.
Journal article by Fabio Cristiano for CyberOrient.
In this policy brief, Przemysław Roguski offers a comparative analysis of seven States on how international law applies to cyber operations.
Dennis Broeders wrote an essay for Digital Debates, a publication accompanying the 2019 CyFy conference in India, highlighting three developments that are vital for the development for the international debate about internet governance and cyber diplomacy.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Liisi Adamson and Rogier Creemers explore aspects of the relationship between China and Russia in cyberspace.
Journal article by Ilina Georgieva for the journal Contemporary Security Policy.
In this policy brief, Dennis Broeders, Sergei Boeke and Ilina Georgieva explore the role of intelligence agencies in cyberspace and the (im)possibilities of oversight and regulation of those agencies.
Journal article by Liisi Adamson and Zine Homburger for the journal European Foreign Affairs Review.
Paper by Zine Homburger in EU Cyber Direct’s Research Focus series.
Journal article by Zine Homburger for the journal Global Society.
Journal article by Zine Homburger for the Temple International & Comparative Law Review.
Journal article by Sergei Boeke and Dennis Broeders in the journal Survival.
Voluntary, Non-Binding Norms for Responsible State Behaviour in the Use of Information and Communications Technology: A Commentary.
In June 2016, Leiden University’s The Hague Program for Cyber Norms, a research platform to investigate the development and implementation of law and policy applicable to uses of ICT, launched a global open consultation on how to implement the UN Group of Governmental Experts’ (UN GGE) recommendations on responsible State behaviour in cyberspace.