The Hague Program for Cyber Norms continues as The Hague Program on International Cyber Security from 2022 onwards.
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The Hague Program for Cyber Norms

The Hague Program for Cyber Norms focuses on the development and implementation of cyber norms. We ask how norms are and can be applied to support cyber security, stability and peace. For this purpose, we examine how consensus is developing, among governments, academics and the society, on certain norms and how they should apply to State behaviour in cyberspace. We also investigate the development of normative thought and scholarship in this field and contribute to the dialogue about standards of responsible behaviour in use of ICTs.

Meet the team

About our program

Our Program is an independent and inclusive platform that welcomes both academic and non-academic partners. We invite international thinkers and practitioners to apply critical thinking to cyber peace and security issues. The platform is open for cooperation to all interested universities and scholars.

On the one hand, we are an academic research program studying what is happening in the digital world and building up knowledge about cyber norms. The program consists of several research projects, organizes an annual academic conference on responsible behaviour in cyberspace and will publish a yearly digest of academic research and debate in this area.

On the other hand, we look further and stimulate interaction with other stakeholders in the field. We participate in various events and conferences, and plan to organize other types of events and platforms to facilitate and contribute to the cyber norms debate.


For better inclusion and an exchange of expertise, we offer short-term fellowships to scholars working in fields relation to international norms and cyber security. These fellowships will provide scholars and other cyber norms experts with the opportunity to work in The Hague for a minimum of one week and a maximum of one month, for example, to write or present their work, thus contributing to the Program’s research as well as making use of its functions as an international platform. Find out how to apply here.


The Program is funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and is part of a continuing commitment by the Netherlands to support development of international norms and understanding with regard to the development and use of ICTs and related new technologies, following the Global Conference on Cyber Space (GCCS) hosted in The Hague in 2015.

The Hague Program for Cyber Norms falls under the Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA) at the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs of Leiden University. It is located at the university’s campus in The Hague.