Cyber norms bibliography

A regularly updated and easily searchable bibliography on cyber norms-related publications.

This bibliography was originally compiled by Liisi Adamson - please send any additions or suggestions to info@thehaguecybernorms.nl

NB: Underlined items link directly to the referred article or book.

Cyber Norms Bibliography PDF Download

Ashton-Hart, N.

2015

"Solving the International Internet Policy Coordination Problem", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 12 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Austin, G.

2016

"International Legal Norms in Cyberspace: Evolution of China’s National Security Motivations", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 171-201.

Barton, A.M.

2000

"Norm Origin and Development in Cyberspace: Models of Cybernorm Evolution", Washington University Law Quarterly, 78 (1): 59-111.

Baseley-Walker, B.

2011

"Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Cyberspace: Towards Norms of Behaviour", in Vignard, K., McCrae, R. and Powers, J. (eds.), Disarmament Forum: Confronting Cyberconflict, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2011 (4): 31-40.

Boyko, S.

2016

"UN Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security", International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations, 62 (5).

Broeders, D.

2016

Brown, G. and Poellet, K.

2012

"The Customary International Law of Cyberspace", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 6 (3): 126-145.

Butler, R.J. and Lachow, I.

2012

"Multilateral Approaches for Improving Global Security in Cyberspace", Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 5-14.

Centre for International Governance Innovation and Royal Institute of International Affairs

2016

A Universal Internet in a Bordered World: Research on Fragmentation, Openness and Interoperability (Research Volume One), Global Commission on Internet Governance, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Chantzos, I. and Alam, S.

2016

"Technological Integrity and the Role of Industry in Emerging Cyber Norms", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 203-220.

Charney, S., English, E., Kleiner, A., Malisevic, N., McKay, A., Neutze, J., and Nicholas, P.

2016

Chertoff, M. and Rosenzweig, P.

2015

"A Primer on Globally Harmonizing Internet Jurisdiction and Regulations", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 10 – March, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Choucri, N.

2013

"Co-Evolution of Cyberspace and International Relations: New Challenges for the Social Sciences", Prepared for World Social Science Forum (WSSF) 2013 Montreal, Canada, Cambridge, MA: MIT.

Clarke, R.A.

2012

Crandall, M. and Allan, C.

2015

"Small States and Big Ideas: Estonia’s Battle for Cybersecurity Norms", Contemporary Security Policy, 36 (2): 346-368.

Easterbrook, F.H.

1996

"Cyberspace and the Law of the Horse", University of Chicago Legal Forum, Vol. 1996, Article 7.

Eichensehr, K.E.

2015

"The Cyber-Law of Nations", The Georgetown Law Journal, 103 (2): 317-380.

Elliott, D.

2009

"Weighing the Case For a Convention to Limit Cyberwarfare", Arms Control Today, 39 (9): 21-27.

Erskine, T. and Carr, M.

2016

"Beyond ‘Quasi-Norms’: The Challenges and Potential of Engaging with Norms in Cyberspace", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 87-109.

Farrell, H.

2015

"Promoting Norms for Cyberspace", Cyber Brief, NY: Council on Foreign Relations.

Finnemore, M.

2011

"Cultivating International Cyber Norms", in Lord, K.M. and Sharp, T (eds.), America’s Cyber Future: Security and Prosperity in the Information Age, Washington D.C.: Center for a New American Security, 87-102.

Finnemore, M.

2017

"Cybersecurity and the Concept of Norms", Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 30 November 2017.

Finnemore, M. and Hollis, D.

2016

"Constructing Norms for Global Cybersecurity", American Journal of International Law, 110 (3): 425-479.

Forsyth, J.W.

2013

Forsyth, J.W. and Pope, B.E.

2014

Gechlik, M.

2017

"Appropriate Norms of State Behavior in Cyberspace: Governance in China and Opportunities for US Businesses", Hoover Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law, Aegis Series Paper No. 1706, 28 July 2017.

Geier, K.

2016

"Norms, Confidence and Capacity Building: Putting the UN Recommendations on Information and Communication Technologies in the Context of International Security Into OSCE-Action", European Cybersecurity Journal, 2 (1).

Ghernaouti-Hélie, S.

2010

Glennon, M.J.

2013

"The Dark Future of International Cybersecurity Regulation", Journal of National Security Law & Policy, 6 (2): 563-570.

Goldschmidt, C., Dark, M.J. and Chaudhry, H.

2010

"Responsibility for the Harm and Risk of Software Security Flaws", in Dark, M.J. (ed.), Information Assurance and Security Ethics in Complex Systems: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Hershey PA: IGI Global, 104-131.

Goldsmith, J.

2011

"Cybersecurity Treaties: A Skeptical View", in Berkowitz, P. (ed.), Future Challenges in National Security and Law, Hoover Institution Press.

Grauman, B.

2012

Grigsby, A.

2017

"The End of Cyber Norms", Survival, 59 (6): 109-122.

Hampson, F.O. & Sulmeyer, M. (eds.)

2017

Healey, J. and Pitts, H.

2012

"Applying International Environmental Legal Norms to Cyber Statecraft", I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 8 (2): 356- 387.

Heintschel von Heinegg, W.

2015

Holland, H.B.

2005

"The Failure of the Rule of Law in Cyberspace?: Reorienting the Normative Debate on Borders and Territorial Sovereignty", The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law, 24 (1): 1-34.

Hollis, D.

2017

"China and the US Strategic Construction of Cybernorms: The Process is the Product", Hoover Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law, Aegis Paper Series No. 1704, 7 July 2017.

Hughes, R.

2010

"A Treaty for Cyberspace", International Affairs, 86 (2): 523-541.

Hughes, R.

2009

"Towards a Global Regime for Cyber Warfare", in Czosseck, C. and Geers, K. (eds.), The Virtual Battlefield: Perspectives on Cyber Warfare, Conference proceedings - Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence (CCD CoE) Conference on Cyber Warfare (June 2009, Tallinn, Estonia).

Hurwitz, R.

2013

"A New Normal? The Cultivation of Global Norms as Part of a Cybersecurity Strategy" in Yannakogeorgos, P.A. and Lowther, A.B. (eds.), Conflict and Cooperation In Cyberspace, The Challenge to National Security, Taylor & Francis.

Hurwitz, R.

2015

A Call to Cyber Norms: Discussions at the Harvard-MIT-University of Toronto Cyber Norms Workshops, 2011 and 2012, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Hurwitz, R.

2012

"Depleted Trust in the Cyber Commons", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 6 (3): 20-45.

Hurwitz, R.

2014

"The Play of States: Norms and Security in Cyberspace", American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy, 36 (5): 322-331.

International Security Advisory Board (ISAB)

2014

International Telecommunications Union

2014

Johnson, D.R. and Post, D.

1996

Kaljurand, M.

2016

"United Nations Group of Governmental Experts: The Estonian Perspective", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 111-127.

Kanuck, S.

2010

"Sovereign Discourse on Cyber Conflict Under International Law", Texas Law Review, 88 (7): 1571-1598.

Kavanagh, C.

2012

"Cyber Dialogue 2012 Briefs: Whither “Rules of the Road” for Cyberspace?", CyberDialogue 2012: What is Stewardship in Cyberspace.

Kerttunen, M.

2016

"Patterns of Behavior: States In, Through, and About Cyberspace", Cyber Policy Institute.

Klimburg, A. and Tirmaa-Klaar, H.

2011

"Cybersecurity and Cyberpower: Concepts, Conditions and Capabilities for Cooperation for Action Within the EU", Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union, Directorate B, Policy Department, European Parliament.

Komov, S., Korotkov, S. and Dylevski, I.

2007

"Military Aspects of Ensuring International Information Security in the Context of Elaborating Universally Acknowledged Principles of International Law", in Vignard, K. (ed.), Disarmament Forum: ICTs and International Security, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2007 (3): 35-44.

Korzak, E.

2016

"The Quest for Cyber Norms", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 72 (5): 348-350.

Kramer, F.D.

2012

Achieving International Cyber Stability, Washington D.C.: The Atlantic Council.

Krutskikh, A. and Streltsov, A.A.

2014

"International Law and the Problem of International Information Security", International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations, 60 (6), 64-76.

Krutskikh, A.V.

2007

"[On Legal and Political Foundations of Global Information Security]" (in Russian), Mezhdunarodniye Protsessy, 1 (5), 28–37.

Lessig, L.

2006

Code, Version 2.0, Cambridge, MA: Basic Books.

Lessig, L.

1999

"The Law of the Horse: What Cyberlaw Might Teach", Harvard Law Review, 113 (501).

Lewis, J.A.

2011

"Confidence-Building and International Agreement in Cybersecurity", in Vignard, K., McCrae, R. and Powers, J. (eds.), Disarmament Forum: Confronting Cyberconflict, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2011 (4): 51-60.

Lewis, J.A.

2014

"Liberty, Equality, Connectivity: Transatlantic Cybersecurity Norms", Washington D.C: Center for Strategic & International Studies.

Lewis, J.A.

2010

"Multilateral Agreements to Constrain Cyberconflict", Arms Control Today, 40 (5): 14-19.

Lotrionte, C.

2013

Maurer, T.

2016

"The New Norms: Global Cyber-Security Protocols Face Challenges", IHS Jane’s Intelligence Review, March: 52-53.

Maurer, T.

2011

"Cyber Norm Emergence at the United Nations, An Analysis of the UN‘s Activities Regarding Cyber-security", Discussion Paper 2011-11, Cambridge, Mass.: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.

Maurer, T., Levite, A., & Perkovich, G.

2017

"Toward a Global Norm Against Manipulating the Integrity of Financial Data", Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 27 March 2017.

Mazanec, B.M.

2015

"Why International Order in Cyberspace is Not Inevitable", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 9 (2): 78-98.

Mačák, K.

2016

"Is the International Law of Cyber Security in Crisis?", in Pissanidis, N., Rõigas, H. and Veenendaal, M. (eds.), 2016 8th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Cyber Power, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 127-139.

Mačák, K.

2017

"From Cyber Norms to Cyber Rules: Re-engaging States as Law-makers", Leiden Journal of International Law, 30 (4): 877-899.

McKay, A., Neutze, J., Nicholas, P. and Sullivan, K.

2014

Melzer, N.

2011

"Cyberwarfare and International Law", UNIDIR Resources, Ideas for Peace and Security.

Mueller, B.

2014

"The Laws of War and Cyberspace: On the Need for a Treaty Concerning Cyber Conflict", Strategic Update 14.2, London: London School of Economics and Political Science.

Murray, A.

2007

The Regulation of Cyberspace: Control in the Online Environment, New York: Routledge.

Nye, J.S.

2013

"From Bombs to Bytes: Can Our Nuclear History Inform Our Cyber Future?", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 69 (5): 8-14.

Nye, J.S.

2014

"The Regime Complex for Managing Global Cyber Activities. The Centre for International Governance", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 1 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Nye, J.S.

2018

Normative Restraints on Cyber Conflict, Cambridge, Mass.: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.

Orji, U.J.

2012

Cybersecurity: Law and Regulation, Wolf Legal Publishers.

Pawlak, P.

2016

"Confidence-Building Measures in Cyberspace: Current Debates and Trends", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 129-153.

Permanent Monitoring Panel on Information Security of the World Federation of Scientists (WFS)

2010

"Erice Declaration on Principles for Cyber Stability and Cyber Peace", International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 42nd Session, Erice, Italy, 19-24 August, 110-111.

Polanski, P.P.

2006

"Towards a Supranational Internet Law", Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology, 1 (1): 1-9.

Polanski, P.P.

2007

Customary Law of the Internet. In the Search for a Supranational Cyberspace Law, The Hague: TMC Asser Press.

Post, D.G.

2000

"Of Black Holes and Decentralized Law-Making in Cyberspace", Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment Law & Practice, 2 (1): 70-79.

Raymond, M.

2016

"Applying Old Rules to New Cases: International Law in the Cyber Domain", Paper presented to the International Studies Association, Atlanta GA, 16-19 March 2016.

Rusch, J.J.

2000

"Cyberspace and the “Devil’s Hatband”", Seattle University Law Review, 24 (2): 577-598.

Ryan, J.J.C.H., Ryan, D.J. and Tikk, E.

2010

"Cybersecurity Regulation: Using Analogies to Develop Frameworks for Regulation", in Tikk, E. and Talihärm, A-M. (eds.), International Cyber Security Legal & Policy Proceedings 2010, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE, 76-99.

Schjølberg, S. and Ghernaouti-Hélie, S.

2009

Schjølberg, S. and Ghernaouti-Hélie, S.

2011

Schmitt, M.N.

2018

Schmitt, M.N. (ed.)

2017

Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schmitt, M.N. (ed.)

2013

Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schmitt, M.N. and Vihul, L.

2014

"The Nature of International Law Cyber Norms", Tallinn Paper No. 5, Special Expanded Issue, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications.

Schmitt, M.N. | Ministerie van Defensie

2018

Singh, H.V., Abdel-Latif, A. and Tuthill, L.L.

2016

"Governance of International Trade and the Internet: Existing and Evolving Regulatory Systems", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 32 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Sofaer, A.D., Clark, D. and Diffie, W.

2010

"Cyber Security and International Agreements", Proceedings of a Workshop on Deterring Cyberattacks: Informing Strategies and Developing Options for U.S. Policy, National Academies Press, 179-206.

Solum, L.B. and Chung, M.

2004

"The Layers Principle: Internet Architecture and the Law", Notre Dame Law Review, 79 (3): 815-948.

Stevens, T.

2012

"A Cyberwar of Ideas? Deterrence and Norms in Cyberspace", Contemporary Security Policy, 33 (1): 148-170.

Streltsov, A.A.

2007

"International Information Security: Description and Legal Aspects", in Vignard, K. (ed.), Disarmament Forum: ICTs and International Security, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2007 (3): 5-14.

Taddeo, M.

2018

"Deterrence and Norms to Foster Stability in Cyberspace", Philosophy & Technology, 31: 323-329.

Tikk, E.

2011

"Ten Rules for Cyber Security", Survival, 53 (3): 119-132.

Tikk-Ringas, E.

2015

"Legal Framework of Cyber Security", in Lehto, M. and Neittaanmäki, P. (eds.), Cyber Security: Analytics, Technology and Automation, Springer International Publishing.

Tikk-Ringas, E.

2017

"International Cyber Norms Dialogue as an Exercise of Normative Power", Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 17 (3): 47-59.

Tikk-Ringas, E. (ed.)

2015

Evolution of the Cyber Domain: The Implications for National and Global Security - Strategic Dossier, IISS-Routledge, "Chapter 5: The 2000s".

Tropina, T. and Callanan, C.

2015

Self- and Co-regulation in Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and National Security, Springer.

Vishik, C., Matsubara, M. and Plonk, A.

2016

"Key Concepts in Cyber Security: Towards a Common Policy and Technology Context for Cyber Security Norms", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 221-242.

Walker, P.A.

2015

"Law of the Horse to Law of the Submarine: The Future State Behavior in Cyberspace", in Maybaum, M., Osula, A.-M., and Lindström, L. (eds.), 2015 7th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Architectures in Cyberspace, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE  Publications, 93-104.

Watts, S.

2016

"Cyber Law Development and the United States Law of War Manual", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 49-63.

Wingfield, T.C. and Tikk, E.

2010

"Frameworks for International Cyber Security: The Cube, the Pyramid, and the Screen", in Tikk, E. and Talihärm, A-M. (eds.), International Cyber Security Legal & Policy Proceedings 2010, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE, 16-23.

Ziolkowski, K.

2013

Zittrain, J.L.

2008

The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Schmitt, M.N. | Ministerie van Defensie

2018

Nye, J.S.

2018

Normative Restraints on Cyber Conflict, Cambridge, Mass.: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.

Taddeo, M.

2018

"Deterrence and Norms to Foster Stability in Cyberspace", Philosophy & Technology, 31: 323-329.

Schmitt, M.N.

2018

Schmitt, M.N. (ed.)

2017

Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tikk-Ringas, E.

2017

"International Cyber Norms Dialogue as an Exercise of Normative Power", Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 17 (3): 47-59.

Mačák, K.

2017

"From Cyber Norms to Cyber Rules: Re-engaging States as Law-makers", Leiden Journal of International Law, 30 (4): 877-899.

Hollis, D.

2017

"China and the US Strategic Construction of Cybernorms: The Process is the Product", Hoover Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law, Aegis Paper Series No. 1704, 7 July 2017.

Hampson, F.O. & Sulmeyer, M. (eds.)

2017

Grigsby, A.

2017

"The End of Cyber Norms", Survival, 59 (6): 109-122.

Finnemore, M.

2017

"Cybersecurity and the Concept of Norms", Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 30 November 2017.

Gechlik, M.

2017

"Appropriate Norms of State Behavior in Cyberspace: Governance in China and Opportunities for US Businesses", Hoover Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law, Aegis Series Paper No. 1706, 28 July 2017.

Maurer, T., Levite, A., & Perkovich, G.

2017

"Toward a Global Norm Against Manipulating the Integrity of Financial Data", Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 27 March 2017.

Austin, G.

2016

"International Legal Norms in Cyberspace: Evolution of China’s National Security Motivations", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 171-201.

Boyko, S.

2016

"UN Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security", International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations, 62 (5).

Broeders, D.

2016

Centre for International Governance Innovation and Royal Institute of International Affairs

2016

A Universal Internet in a Bordered World: Research on Fragmentation, Openness and Interoperability (Research Volume One), Global Commission on Internet Governance, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Chantzos, I. and Alam, S.

2016

"Technological Integrity and the Role of Industry in Emerging Cyber Norms", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 203-220.

Charney, S., English, E., Kleiner, A., Malisevic, N., McKay, A., Neutze, J., and Nicholas, P.

2016

Erskine, T. and Carr, M.

2016

"Beyond ‘Quasi-Norms’: The Challenges and Potential of Engaging with Norms in Cyberspace", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 87-109.

Finnemore, M. and Hollis, D.

2016

"Constructing Norms for Global Cybersecurity", American Journal of International Law, 110 (3): 425-479.

Geier, K.

2016

"Norms, Confidence and Capacity Building: Putting the UN Recommendations on Information and Communication Technologies in the Context of International Security Into OSCE-Action", European Cybersecurity Journal, 2 (1).

Kaljurand, M.

2016

"United Nations Group of Governmental Experts: The Estonian Perspective", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 111-127.

Kerttunen, M.

2016

"Patterns of Behavior: States In, Through, and About Cyberspace", Cyber Policy Institute.

Korzak, E.

2016

"The Quest for Cyber Norms", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 72 (5): 348-350.

Mačák, K.

2016

"Is the International Law of Cyber Security in Crisis?", in Pissanidis, N., Rõigas, H. and Veenendaal, M. (eds.), 2016 8th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Cyber Power, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 127-139.

Maurer, T.

2016

"The New Norms: Global Cyber-Security Protocols Face Challenges", IHS Jane’s Intelligence Review, March: 52-53.

Pawlak, P.

2016

"Confidence-Building Measures in Cyberspace: Current Debates and Trends", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 129-153.

Raymond, M.

2016

"Applying Old Rules to New Cases: International Law in the Cyber Domain", Paper presented to the International Studies Association, Atlanta GA, 16-19 March 2016.

Singh, H.V., Abdel-Latif, A. and Tuthill, L.L.

2016

"Governance of International Trade and the Internet: Existing and Evolving Regulatory Systems", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 32 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Vishik, C., Matsubara, M. and Plonk, A.

2016

"Key Concepts in Cyber Security: Towards a Common Policy and Technology Context for Cyber Security Norms", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 221-242.

Watts, S.

2016

"Cyber Law Development and the United States Law of War Manual", in Osula, A.-M. and Rõigas, H. (eds.), International Cyber Norms: Legal, Policy & Industry Perspectives, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications, 49-63.

Ashton-Hart, N.

2015

"Solving the International Internet Policy Coordination Problem", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 12 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Chertoff, M. and Rosenzweig, P.

2015

"A Primer on Globally Harmonizing Internet Jurisdiction and Regulations", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 10 – March, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Crandall, M. and Allan, C.

2015

"Small States and Big Ideas: Estonia’s Battle for Cybersecurity Norms", Contemporary Security Policy, 36 (2): 346-368.

Eichensehr, K.E.

2015

"The Cyber-Law of Nations", The Georgetown Law Journal, 103 (2): 317-380.

Farrell, H.

2015

"Promoting Norms for Cyberspace", Cyber Brief, NY: Council on Foreign Relations.

Heintschel von Heinegg, W.

2015

Hurwitz, R.

2015

A Call to Cyber Norms: Discussions at the Harvard-MIT-University of Toronto Cyber Norms Workshops, 2011 and 2012, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Mazanec, B.M.

2015

"Why International Order in Cyberspace is Not Inevitable", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 9 (2): 78-98.

Tikk-Ringas, E.

2015

"Legal Framework of Cyber Security", in Lehto, M. and Neittaanmäki, P. (eds.), Cyber Security: Analytics, Technology and Automation, Springer International Publishing.

Tikk-Ringas, E. (ed.)

2015

Evolution of the Cyber Domain: The Implications for National and Global Security - Strategic Dossier, IISS-Routledge, "Chapter 5: The 2000s".

Tropina, T. and Callanan, C.

2015

Self- and Co-regulation in Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and National Security, Springer.

Walker, P.A.

2015

"Law of the Horse to Law of the Submarine: The Future State Behavior in Cyberspace", in Maybaum, M., Osula, A.-M., and Lindström, L. (eds.), 2015 7th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Architectures in Cyberspace, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE  Publications, 93-104.

Forsyth, J.W. and Pope, B.E.

2014

Hurwitz, R.

2014

"The Play of States: Norms and Security in Cyberspace", American Foreign Policy Interests: The Journal of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy, 36 (5): 322-331.

International Security Advisory Board (ISAB)

2014

International Telecommunications Union

2014

Krutskikh, A. and Streltsov, A.A.

2014

"International Law and the Problem of International Information Security", International Affairs: A Russian Journal of World Politics, Diplomacy, and International Relations, 60 (6), 64-76.

Lewis, J.A.

2014

"Liberty, Equality, Connectivity: Transatlantic Cybersecurity Norms", Washington D.C: Center for Strategic & International Studies.

McKay, A., Neutze, J., Nicholas, P. and Sullivan, K.

2014

Mueller, B.

2014

"The Laws of War and Cyberspace: On the Need for a Treaty Concerning Cyber Conflict", Strategic Update 14.2, London: London School of Economics and Political Science.

Nye, J.S.

2014

"The Regime Complex for Managing Global Cyber Activities. The Centre for International Governance", Global Commission on Internet Governance, Paper Series: No. 1 – May, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Chatham House.

Schmitt, M.N. and Vihul, L.

2014

"The Nature of International Law Cyber Norms", Tallinn Paper No. 5, Special Expanded Issue, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE Publications.

Choucri, N.

2013

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"The Dark Future of International Cybersecurity Regulation", Journal of National Security Law & Policy, 6 (2): 563-570.

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"A New Normal? The Cultivation of Global Norms as Part of a Cybersecurity Strategy" in Yannakogeorgos, P.A. and Lowther, A.B. (eds.), Conflict and Cooperation In Cyberspace, The Challenge to National Security, Taylor & Francis.

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"From Bombs to Bytes: Can Our Nuclear History Inform Our Cyber Future?", Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 69 (5): 8-14.

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Brown, G. and Poellet, K.

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"The Customary International Law of Cyberspace", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 6 (3): 126-145.

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"Multilateral Approaches for Improving Global Security in Cyberspace", Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 5-14.

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"Applying International Environmental Legal Norms to Cyber Statecraft", I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, 8 (2): 356- 387.

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"Depleted Trust in the Cyber Commons", Strategic Studies Quarterly, 6 (3): 20-45.

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"Cyber Dialogue 2012 Briefs: Whither “Rules of the Road” for Cyberspace?", CyberDialogue 2012: What is Stewardship in Cyberspace.

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"Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Cyberspace: Towards Norms of Behaviour", in Vignard, K., McCrae, R. and Powers, J. (eds.), Disarmament Forum: Confronting Cyberconflict, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2011 (4): 31-40.

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"Cybersecurity Treaties: A Skeptical View", in Berkowitz, P. (ed.), Future Challenges in National Security and Law, Hoover Institution Press.

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"Cybersecurity and Cyberpower: Concepts, Conditions and Capabilities for Cooperation for Action Within the EU", Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union, Directorate B, Policy Department, European Parliament.

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"Cyber Norm Emergence at the United Nations, An Analysis of the UN‘s Activities Regarding Cyber-security", Discussion Paper 2011-11, Cambridge, Mass.: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.

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"Cyberwarfare and International Law", UNIDIR Resources, Ideas for Peace and Security.

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"Ten Rules for Cyber Security", Survival, 53 (3): 119-132.

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"Responsibility for the Harm and Risk of Software Security Flaws", in Dark, M.J. (ed.), Information Assurance and Security Ethics in Complex Systems: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Hershey PA: IGI Global, 104-131.

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"A Treaty for Cyberspace", International Affairs, 86 (2): 523-541.

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"Sovereign Discourse on Cyber Conflict Under International Law", Texas Law Review, 88 (7): 1571-1598.

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"Multilateral Agreements to Constrain Cyberconflict", Arms Control Today, 40 (5): 14-19.

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"Cybersecurity Regulation: Using Analogies to Develop Frameworks for Regulation", in Tikk, E. and Talihärm, A-M. (eds.), International Cyber Security Legal & Policy Proceedings 2010, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE, 76-99.

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"Cyber Security and International Agreements", Proceedings of a Workshop on Deterring Cyberattacks: Informing Strategies and Developing Options for U.S. Policy, National Academies Press, 179-206.

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"Erice Declaration on Principles for Cyber Stability and Cyber Peace", International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 42nd Session, Erice, Italy, 19-24 August, 110-111.

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"Frameworks for International Cyber Security: The Cube, the Pyramid, and the Screen", in Tikk, E. and Talihärm, A-M. (eds.), International Cyber Security Legal & Policy Proceedings 2010, Tallinn: NATO CCD COE, 16-23.

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"Weighing the Case For a Convention to Limit Cyberwarfare", Arms Control Today, 39 (9): 21-27.

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"Towards a Global Regime for Cyber Warfare", in Czosseck, C. and Geers, K. (eds.), The Virtual Battlefield: Perspectives on Cyber Warfare, Conference proceedings - Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence (CCD CoE) Conference on Cyber Warfare (June 2009, Tallinn, Estonia).

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"Military Aspects of Ensuring International Information Security in the Context of Elaborating Universally Acknowledged Principles of International Law", in Vignard, K. (ed.), Disarmament Forum: ICTs and International Security, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2007 (3): 35-44.

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"International Information Security: Description and Legal Aspects", in Vignard, K. (ed.), Disarmament Forum: ICTs and International Security, Geneva: UNIDIR, 2007 (3): 5-14.

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"Towards a Supranational Internet Law", Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology, 1 (1): 1-9.

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"The Failure of the Rule of Law in Cyberspace?: Reorienting the Normative Debate on Borders and Territorial Sovereignty", The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law, 24 (1): 1-34.

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"The Layers Principle: Internet Architecture and the Law", Notre Dame Law Review, 79 (3): 815-948.

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"Norm Origin and Development in Cyberspace: Models of Cybernorm Evolution", Washington University Law Quarterly, 78 (1): 59-111.

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"Of Black Holes and Decentralized Law-Making in Cyberspace", Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment Law & Practice, 2 (1): 70-79.

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"Cyberspace and the “Devil’s Hatband”", Seattle University Law Review, 24 (2): 577-598.

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