Professor Carr is the Director of the UK-wide RISCS Institute which looks at the human and organizational factors of cybersecurity. She is also theDirector of the Digital Technologies Policy Lab which supports policy making to adapt to the pace of change in society’s integration of digital technologies. Herresearch looks at the implications of emerging technology for national and global security, international order and global governance. Professor Carr has published on cyber norms, multi-stakeholder Internet governance, the future of the insurance sector in the IoT, cybersecurity and international law, and the public/private partnership in national cyber security strategies.
Her book US Power and the Internet in InternationalRelations is published by Palgrave MacMillan. Professor Carr was theCo-lead on the Standards, Governance and Policy stream of the UK’s £24M PETRAS research hub on the cyber security of the Internet of Things. She is now the lead on the Economics and Law lens of the new PETRAS National Centre ofExcellence in Cybersecurity of the IoT. Professor Carr is a member of the WorldEconomic Forum Global Council on the IoT. She is also the Deputy Director of anew Centre for Doctoral Training in Cybersecurity at UCL which focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of these problems.
From the Ground Up: Polarization, Fragmentation and Hybridity in the Research and Practice of Cyber Norms
In thinking through how to progress global discussions around cyber norms, the conference this year focuses on three important macro-level developments; fragmentation, polarization and hybridity. In fact, these are also useful concepts for critically reviewing how we, as researchers and practitioners, approach these problems. We understand the imperative of drawing together across sectors and disciplines to think through how we can address the significant challenges ofmaintaining international peace and security in a digital world and we strive to do so. However, the multi-stakeholder model , which has been our touch point for so long, is basically premised on simply putting diverse actors in the same room and hoping for a kind of intellectual osmosis or synthesis. In fact, working collaboratively across the breadth of relevant sectors and disciplines, geographies and cultures, interests and values, takes much more than proximity. It requires rigorous interdisciplinarity, careful and open communication, strong facilitation, and a culture of risk taking that promotes the exchange of knowledge and ideas. And all of that takes considerable effort, awareness and critical reflection. Giving honest consideration to the ways in which we, as a community , can be fragmented, polarized, and at times, hybrid can open up space for us to think through how to work more effectively and collaboratively together to identify common goals and accommodate differentiated ones. Ultimately, by refining how we work on these problems, we will be better equipped to help resolve them.