Moving Forward: Fragmentation, Polarization and Hybridity in Cyberspace | Online Conference | 10-12 November 2020
Register for free now

< Return to program overview

Panel 2


International cyber order in the making

Julia Voo

Julia Voo (@JuliaVoo) is a Cyber Fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and she leads the team behind Belfer's National Cyber Power Index. She was formerly the Research Director for the China Cyber Policy Initiative. Her areas of research concern geotech strategy including the Digital Silk Road, industrial policy, and technical standards for strategic technologies. Julia served earlier at the British Embassy in Beijing where she covered China's cyber and artificial intelligence policy from a commercial perspective, technical standards, and other trade policy issues. She lived in Beijing for seven years with stints at the EU Delegation to China, Carnegie-Tsinghua Centre for Global Policy, and she has spent time at the UK's Cabinet Office.


Irfan Hemani

Irfan Hemani (@irfanhemani) currently works in the UK Government's Cyber Security policy team, where he heads the Security, Strategy and International teams. He is a Kennedy School Mid-Career Masters in Public Administration Alumni and was previously the Programme Director for an international NGO in Egypt. Before moving to Egypt, Irfan was a Technology Risk Advisory consultant at Deloitte in London.


Simon Jones

Simon Jones is a technology and security professional. He is currently serving as Director of Information Security and Compliance for Massachusetts' Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs. Prior to this, Simon led the Commonwealth of Massachusetts' digital identity and access management program. He also held various positions within the British Civil Service, including most recently as Assistant Head of Euro-Atlantic Security within the joint Ministry of Defense and Foreign Office policy unit. Simon holds a Bachelor's Degree in Politics with International Relations from the University of Bath, and a Mid-Career Master's Degree in Public Administration from the Harvard Kennedy School.


Winnona DeSombre

Winnona DeSombre (@__Winn) is a Security Engineer at Google’s Threat Analysis Group, tracking advanced persistent threats that target Google users. In recent years, Winnona constructed risk rule calculation software to combat social media influence campaigns through Harvard Kennedy School's Defending Digital Democracy Project, spoke at the Forbes 30 under 30 Summit and DEFCON, and was featured in Threatcare's "Tribe of Hackers" book, containing career advice from some of the world's best information security professionals. Her research has been featured in publications including Foreign Policy, Motherboard, and Cyberscoop.


Daniel Cassidy

Daniel Cassidy (@dancass580) is a strategy and crisis management expert in the UK government.


Anina Schwarzenbach

Anina Schwarzenbach (@a_schwarzenbach) is a criminologist and postdoctoral associate at the University of Maryland, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, and a fellow with Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center. Schwarzenbach’s work focuses on political violence and governmental responses, cyber power and threats, policing, and state legitimacy. Prior to that, she was a researcher at the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign Criminal Law and Criminology in Germany (2013-2018), where she has worked extensively on issues related to institutional discrimination and policing of minorities. Anina Schwarzenbach holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Freiburg, Germany, and a LL.M. and M.A. from the Swiss universities of Bern and Zurich.




A New Framework for Measuring National Cyber Power

The Belfer National Cyber Power Index (NCPI) measures 30 countries’ cyber capabilities in the context of seven national objectives, using 32 intent indicators and 27 capability indicators with evidence collected from publicly available data.

In contrast to existing cyber related indices, we believe there is no single measure of cyber power. Cyber Power is made up of multiple components and should be considered in the context of a country’s national objectives. We take an all-of-country approach to measuring cyber power. By considering “all-of-country” we include all aspects under the control of a government where possible. Within the NCPI we measure government strategies, capabilities for defense and offense, resource allocation, the private sector, workforce, and innovation. Our assessment is both a measurement of proven power and potential, where the final score assumes that the government of that country can wield these capabilities effectively.